ERIC Number: ED233244
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Role Sharing: Factors Influencing Increased Involvement of Husbands in Family Tasks.
Bird, Gloria W.
The rapid increase in the number of families with two wage-earners has contributed significantly to changes in family structure and function in the past three decades; a current belief holds that wives who share the income-earner role have a right to expect more assistance from their husbands with such family tasks as meal preparations, cleaning, laundry, and child care. To determine the joint effects of sex-role orientation, role salience, income, and family type on husbands' sharing of seven family task categories, (i.e., meal preparation tasks, child care tasks, maintenance and repair tasks, management of family activities, financial management, cleaning tasks, and lawn and garden tasks) a sample of husbands (N=166) drawn from a larger national sample of married college and university administrators (36% from one-career families, 23% from career-earner families, and 42% from two-career families) were surveyed. Statistical analyses showed that sex-role orientation significantly influenced a husband's reported sharing of family tasks (i.e., husbands who agreed that interchangeable roles are the preferred norm accepted more responsibilities for family tasks); and marriage to an employed spouse was associated with more sharing of such tasks. In general, a combination of tangible (wife's employment status) and intangible (egalitarian sex-role orientation, and role salience) resources seemed to be most influential on husbands' task sharing behavior. A glossary of terms is appended. (WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (Washington, DC, October 13-16, 1982).