ERIC Number: ED233182
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Paced and Conventional Instruction in Navy Training: A Comparison on Elements of Quality. Technical Report 147.
Evans, Richard M.; Braby, Richard
A study compared the approaches of self-paced and conventional instruction in Navy training. Using a sample of 37 Navy and Marine Corps courses, researchers contrasted the conventional, mixed, computer-managed, and self-paced instructional approaches according to the following six measures of instructional quality: prerequisites, cues, participation, reinforcement, feedback, and correctives. Various data collection strategies were employed during the study, including site visits; analysis of instructional materials; and questionnaires administered to students, instructors, and supervisors. Based on data from all of these sources, the researchers concluded that the six quality-of-instruction elements appear to occur with more frequency in conventional rather than in mixed or self-paced instructional courses. Both student and nonstudent direct costs for the self-paced courses examined were from 36 to 58 percent of those required for the conventionally taught courses. Because self-paced instruction was found to be heavily dependent on written instructional materials, researchers urged particular care in the design of instructional materials and objectives for self-paced courses. Since instructional strategy did not ultimately appear to be a determining factor in the overall effectiveness of current Navy courses, researchers suggested that choice of instructional strategy rest primarily on the relative cost effectiveness of the approaches. (MN)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Comparative Analysis, Computer Managed Instruction, Cues, Educational Quality, Feedback, Individualized Instruction, Military Personnel, Military Training, Pacing, Participation, Prerequisites, Program Costs, Questionnaires, Reinforcement, Student Attitudes, Student Participation, Surveys, Teacher Attitudes, Teaching Methods, Technical Education, Time Factors (Learning)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Naval Training Analysis and Evaluation Group, Orlando, FL.