ERIC Number: ED233094
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Equality and Education: Federal Civil Rights Enforcement in the New York City School System.
Rebell, Michael A.; Block, Arthur R.
This report employs three analytical perspectives (ideological, implementational, and comparative institutional) in order to examine Federal anti-discrimination law enforcement in the New York City school system since the late 1960s. Part I of the study defines the fundamental American egalitarian ideology and its equality of opportunity and equality of results strands. The ambiguity in egalitarian policy standards, as formulated by the courts and by the Congress in Title VI and the Emergency School Aid Act, is discussed. Part II compares the "Big City Review" in New York City with insights gained from similar reviews of faculty hiring and assignment and student service issues, undertaken in Chicago, Los Angeles, and Philadelphia. In Part III, data obtained in the study, as well as results of a survey conducted by the authors, are reviewed from the three analytical perspectives mentioned above. It is concluded, among other findings, that in New York City public schools for the time period examined, (1) commitments to anti-discrimination standards led to positive changes in teacher assignment and student tracking practices, and that (2) the entire process of civil rights enforcement was influenced by political factors at both national and local levels. (A list of persons interviewed and the survey questionnaire are appended.) (GC)
Descriptors: Board of Education Role, Civil Rights Legislation, Compliance (Legal), Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Government Role, Government School Relationship, Law Enforcement, Public Policy, Public Schools, Racial Integration, School Desegregation, Teacher Distribution, Track System (Education)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Civil Rights Act 1964 Title VI