ERIC Number: ED232845
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Jul-29
Reference Count: N/A
Academic Employment of Scientists and Engineers Continued to Grow in 1982, but Slower Than in Other Economic Sectors. Science Resources Studies Highlights.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.
Findings from the National Science Foundation's Survey of Scientific and Engineering Personnel Employed at Universities and Colleges, January 1982 are highlighted and discussed in this brief report. The survey was mailed to approximately 2,200 universities and colleges offering programs in the sciences and/or engineering. Areas discussed include employment status, academic versus national science/engineering (S/E) employment trends, women in academic S/E, research activities, and the leading institutions employing the largest number of scientists and engineers. Among the findings reported are those indicating: that S/E employment in the higher education sector continued to climb in 1982 to approximately 348,800; that the growth in academic employment of professionals cut across most major S/E fields, with the sharpest rise occurring in mathematical/computer sciences; that gains in S/E employment differed markedly according to type of institution; that academic employment of women scientists/engineers continued to rise at a faster pace (9 percent) than the growth rate for men (3 percent); and that the number of scientists and engineers engaged in separately budgeted research and development activities, as measured in full-time-equivalent terms, totaled approximately 60,000 in 1982, for an average annual increase of 2 percent since 1975. (JN)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.