ERIC Number: ED232810
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
American Indian Higher Education: Needs and Projections.
Guyette, Susan; Heth, Charlotte
A nationwide assessment of higher education needs of American Indians attempted to: identify graduate and undergraduate education offerings for American Indians; determine student needs for culturally appropriate education; determine the need for trained professionals in Indian communities; and determine the gaps between those needs and available training. Researchers applied a modified inductive approach to data from questionnaire surveys of 107 academic programs, 119 Indian communities, and 30 senior Indian students. Results indicated that American Indian programs in two- and four-year schools were more concerned than universities with recruitment and services but had similar difficulties acquiring appropriate faculty. Institutions and Indian communities agreed that a major cause of Indian student dropout was lack of previous educational skills. Communities also noted that lack of role models was a factor; institutions noted financial problems; and students cited cultural pressures which were greatest at Ph.D.-granting universities. A wide variety existed in program structure and offerings. Over 17% prepared students for elementary or preschool education; 11.2%, for art; 10.3%, for history; and 9.3%, for counseling. However, communities wanted trained professionals in business, counseling, medicine, and law. Training programs did not reflect the realities of Indian survival in the 1980s. (SB)
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, American Indian Education, American Indian Studies, American Indians, College Students, Community Involvement, Community Role, Dropouts, Educational Cooperation, Educational Needs, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Needs Assessment, Program Content, Student Needs, Two Year Colleges, Undergraduate Study, Universities
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 11-15, 1983).