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ERIC Number: ED232790
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Socialization Goals and Mother-Child Interaction: Mothers' Strategies for Long-Term and Short-Term Compliance.
Kuczynski, Leon
Situational socialization goals were investigated as determinants of parental choice of disciplinary technique. It was predicted that parents would tend to use techniques such as reasoning when they had long-term compliance goals for their children and power-assertive techniques when they had short-term compliance goals. A total of 64 mothers and their 4-year-old children participated in an experiment in which mothers were asked to influence their children to perform a monotonous task. In the experimental manipulation, mothers in the long-term compliance condition were told that their children's compliance would be observed first in their presence and later in their absence; mothers in the short-term compliance condition were informed only that the compliance test would occur in their presence. Results showed that mothers in the long-term goal condition behaved in a more nurturing fashion and used more reasoning and character attributions than did mothers in the short-term condition. Although no differences in the use of power-assertive strategies as a function of goal orientation were found, power assertion was used more with boys than with girls. Children in the long-term condition were more cooperative and less verbally negativistic in the presence of their mothers and cooperated more in the absence of their mothers than did children in the short-term condition. Implications of the findings for models of parent/child interaction were considered. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A