ERIC Number: ED232773
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Definition and Dynamics of Child Abuse: A Multifactorial Model. Monograph Series No. 3:4/83
Meier, John H.
In this document, a multifactorial model of child abuse dynamics is presented. Designed to illustrate the simultaneous mutual interaction among factors contributing to an episode of child abuse, the model is intended to serve as a conceptual skeleton providing a context for comparing abuse factors. Child abuse is defined broadly as "the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child's welfare under circumstances that indicate the child's health or welfare is harmed or threatened thereby." Factors related to child abuse are grouped into three major categories: parental, child, and ecological. Parental factors include demographic, sociological, psychobiological, and ethological factors. Child factors include the following categories: unwanted children, problem children, provocative behavior, and stress/anxiety disorders. The category of ecological factors includes parental interaction, single parents, family status, and class and community. Most subcategories in the model are further particularized in terms of specific conditions. Five additional categories are also described as being part of the model: precipitating situations and/or events, child abuse episode(s), primary prevention, diagnosis and treatment, and identification and reporting. (RH)
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Role, Clinical Diagnosis, Definitions, Ecological Factors, Family Characteristics, Identification, Individual Characteristics, Intervention, Models, Parent Role, Prevention
Childhelp U.S.A./International, 14700 Manzanita Park Road, P.O. Box 247, Beaumont, CA 92223 (Free of Charge).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Childhelp U.S.A./International, Beaumont, CA.