ERIC Number: ED232401
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Feb-18
Special Education and Linguistic Minority Students: The Historical Bases of Discriminatory Practices.
Gelb, Steven A.
The paper reviews the history of assigning linguistic minority students to special education classes. The review begins with the Darwinistic view of J. Down who noted that the existence of "idiots" in European families was a throwback to lower developmental stages characteristic of the "Mongol race." Minority language groups and the disabled were also seen as a menace to society, as demonstrated by attempts to correlate prostitution, venereal disease, alcoholism and commitment to penitentiaries with disabilitiy. Measures to protect society, such as compulsory sterilization are described. Contributions of educational psychology to discriminatory practices with minority language children are also noted. Current practices such as assigning medical diagnostic labels to low school achievers with no clinical sign of handicap are cited as remnants of the social prejudice from an earlier era. (CL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual International Bilingual Bicultural Education Conference (12th, Washington, DC, February 15-19, 1983).