ERIC Number: ED232245
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Regional Educational Service Agencies Supporting Knowledge Utilization: The Intermediate Units of Pennsylvania.
Firestone, William A.
A descriptive study provides information in seven sections on regional educational service agencies (RESA's) in Pennsylvania (where they are called Intermediate Units or IU's). The information is derived from the Pennsylvania Department of Education, various IU's, and initial introductory interviews with current and former state department staff. Formed as byproducts of an extensive program of school district consolidation conducted in Pennsylvania in the 1960's, IU's provide many services to school districts, primarily in special education and in the dissemination of new knowledge throughout the educational system. IU's have a complex organizational structure (60 percent, for example, have between 150 and 300 employees). Strong local representation in the governance of IU's ensures their responsiveness to local needs. IU's tend to be reactive when determining needed services, but they can also initiate services because of their access to advanced information. IU's are heavily dependent on state funding and have become accepted parts of the Pennsylvania educational system. They serve both large and small districts in large, sparsely populated regions and smaller, heavily populated ones. Tables show IU services and costs, income sources by IU activity areas, and characteristics of IU regions. Two figures provide estimated IU expenditure trends and organizational charts. (PB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania