ERIC Number: ED232075
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
The Social Context of Helping: A Review of the Literature on Alternative Care for the Physically and Mentally Handicapped. Studies in Social Change Series.
Taber, Merlin A.
This document reviews literature from 1966 to 1976 concerning alternative social contexts (social settings rather than physical settings) for helping the physically and mentally handicapped. The introduction discusses the focus of the review, the relevance of the topic for policy development, and the research methodology employed in the study. A list of the 38 journals reviewed is provided. Chapter 1 reviews innovative approaches used in traditional settings; new institutional forms; and the creation of new, small social systems for specific helping goals. Chapter 2 reviews the evaluation of standard therapeutic techniques and goals; treatment and care as a self-perpetuating activity; and the placement of handicapped or disturbed people in special settings. Chapter 3 deals with social interactions and relationships in alternative helping contexts. Chapter 4 reviews values and attitudes toward those who need help; labeling; and values in the contexts of helping. Chapter 5 reviews essays, discussions, and research reports relevant to social policy. Chapter 6 presents the assessment and personal conclusions of the author regarding the literature reviewed. A subject index and an annotated bibliography of 455 citations, selected from the larger review, are also included. (WAS)
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Helping Relationship, Innovation, Mental Disorders, Mental Retardation, Physical Disabilities, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Social Agencies, Social Attitudes, Social Environment, Social Values, Therapeutic Environment
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A