ERIC Number: ED232064
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Using Information in Career Development: From Cognitions to Computers. Information Series No. 262.
Harmon, Lenore W., Ed.; And Others
This compilation of three papers investigates theoretical and practical facets of career development, focusing on cognitive theory and decision-making theory and their roles in the formation of computerized career development systems. In the first paper ("Cognitive-Behavioral Theory and Its Application to Career Development"), Gerald Stone describes three cognitive-behavioral theories (social learning, cognitive restructuring, and cognitive development). He highlights the importance of individual constructs in explaining human behavior and explores applications of the theories to career issues. The second paper ("Career Decision Making"), by David Jepsen, reviews career decision-making models, focusing on the processes that people use to organize information about themselves and their surroundings in order to make vocational decisions. He also describes a number of decision-making aids, such as decision trees and simulations, and concludes by summarizing implications of the models for theory and research. Roger Myers, in the third paper ("Computerized Approaches to Facilitating Career Development"), depicts the state of the art of computerized approaches to career development. Distinguishing between computer-based information and guidance systems, he shows how the latter use both cognitive theory and decision-making theory to contribute to the process of career choice. The compilation concludes with an extensive list of references. (SK)
Descriptors: Behavior Theories, Career Choice, Career Counseling, Career Development, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Restructuring, Computer Oriented Programs, Decision Making, Epistemology, Information Utilization, Occupational Information, Socialization
National Center Publications, National Center for Research in Vocational Education, 1960 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210 (Order No. IN262).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Collected Works - General; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Researchers; Practitioners
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.