ERIC Number: ED231947
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Jun-14
Reference Count: N/A
The Impacts of Robotics on the Workforce and Workplace.
Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA.
Based on a 15-week student project, this paper surveys the impact of current and expected future robotics technology on the workplace and workers. The monograph is organized into seven chapters. The first chapter introduces the issues of robotics and of social displacement as a result of anticipated growth in the use of industrial robots. In the second chapter, results of a study conducted by the students are reported. The study asked executives of major industries how they were using robots currently and how they planned to increase their use in the future. Technological changes in coal mining and newspaper printing are profiled in the third chapter. In chapter 4, technological changes caused by the introduction of robotics into industry in general are discussed. The fifth chapter examines the capabilities of robots for performing various types of manufacturing jobs; tasks are analyzed in industries such as metalworking, and estimates are made of the number and types of jobs that robots could do. The last two chapters of the monograph discuss short-term transitional issues and human resource policies in the change to a robotic society. Issues such as the role of unions and retraining for displaced workers are included in the discussion. Appendixes to the document include survey documents, the effects of age distribution on unions, and supplementary human resource material. (KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA.