ERIC Number: ED231901
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Recent Sex Discrimination Litigation: Application of Title IX to Employment and Extension of Wage Discrimination Claims Under Title VII.
Cambron-McCabe, Nelda H.
The administration of public schools has been affected by Federal legislation that prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of sex. Two recent Supreme Court decisions that have expanded the rights of female employees under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 have led to renewed efforts to combat sex based employment discrimination. This paper reviews recent litigation applying Title IX to employment and extending the scope of Title VII in wage discrimination controversies. Two cases are reviewed: (1) the 1982 Supreme Court decision in "North Haven (Connecticut) Board of Education v. Bell," in which the court interpreted the Title IX statutory language as including employees; and (2) the Gunther decision of 1981, in which the court ruled that the scope of Title VII in wage disputes is not bound by the "equal work" principle of the 1963 Equal Pay Act (a law prohibiting employers from discriminating on the basis of sex by paying different wages to employees for jobs requiring equal skill, effort, and responsibility). The paper concludes that court decisions have not clarified the comparable worth concept, and suggests that discriminatory practices that are not remediated can result in potential liability for school administrators. (AOS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Civil Rights Act 1964 Title VII; Education Amendments 1972; Title IX Education Amendments 1972