ERIC Number: ED231848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Ethical Dilemmas in Policy/Program Evaluation.
Nagel, Stuart S.
In this context, ethics refers to a set of normative standards for resolving dilemmas that policy analysts or evaluators often face with regard to what they should do in performing their roles in the interests of societal desirability. The dilemmas relate to: (1) prediction versus prediction plus prescription; (2) evaluation versus evaluation plus diverse replication; (3) whether or not to work to maximize the interests of a political party/special interest group; (4) focusing on intended consequences versus all consequences; (5) efficiency versus equity; (6) cost incurring versus cost saving in research; (7) whether or not to share one's raw data-sets; (8) research validity versus questionable findings that are not sufficiently questioned; and (9) whether or not to put people at risk in policy evaluation. On the basis of this analysis one can possibly arrive at an overall conclusion that policy evaluators operating on a high level of professional responsibility should seek to develop optimum policies and to do optimum research. Optimum policies refer to policies that maximize societal benefits minus societal costs. Optimum research refers to research that maximizes beneficial new knowledge minus the cost of obtaining it. (PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Evaluation Research Society (Baltimore, MD, October 1982).