ERIC Number: ED231691
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Two Doctoral Dissertations concerning the International Exchange of Secondary Students: Reviews and Critiques. AFS Occasional Papers in Intercultural Learning, No. 2.
Grove, Cornelius Lee; Hansel, Bettina
Two doctoral dissertations (one a case study and the other, quantitative research) which examine the experience of secondary school international exchange students are reviewed. The first, "Case Study of a Latin American Sojourner: Crossing Hard Times," by Nancy B. King (Wayne State University, 1981) documents the difficult relationship of a Brazilian student with an unprepared and sometimes hostile host family in the United States and with an unprepared advisor. As a result of his negative experiences, the student became depressed, angry, and manipulative. Making placement arrangements well in advance and requiring sponsors to contact students and host families periodically could have averted this unfortunate situation. The second dissertation, "Defining and Predicting Overseas Effectiveness for Adolescent Exchange Students," by Robbins S. Hopkins (University of Massachusetts, 1982) sampled 209 exchange students and their host families. Prior to their experiences, students were given the Loevinger Sentence Completion Test (LSCT) as a measure of personality development. Post-experience questionnaires were administered to students, families, and exchange personnel. Problems with the study concern the inability to explain differences between successful and unsuccessful exchange students by the multiple regression model. The major contribution is the introduction of the LSCT as a possible predictor of overseas success. (KC)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Case Studies, Culture Conflict, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Research, High School Students, International Educational Exchange, Literature Reviews, Research Problems, Secondary Education, Student Exchange Programs, Study Abroad, Success
AFS International/Intercultural Programs, Inc., 313 East 43rd Street, New York, NY 10017 (free).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: AFS International/Intercultural Programs, Inc., New York, NY.