ERIC Number: ED231665
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Trends to 1982 in Industrial Support of Basic Research. Special Report.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.
This report analyzes recent trends in company-funded basic research support and incorporates findings from a special mail survey and personal interviews with research and development (R&D) officials of 54 firms. The report also provides insight into industry/university cooperative basic research efforts. Following an introduction, the report is organized into four sections. The first section presents highlights of major findings. The second section discusses trends in industrial basic research, focusing on trends by individual industry, factors responsible for increasing expenditures during 1975-81, basic research spending in 1982, factors responsible for declining expenditures during 1982, and impact of a decline in federal funding. Industrial funding of basic research at universities and colleges is discussed in the third section. A historical perspective (focusing on trends in industrial expenditures for basic research, and basic research expenditures by industry and by field of science and engineering) and four statistical tables are included in the appendices provided in the fourth section. Among the findings reported are those indicating increased company support of basic research performed at universities/colleges due to an apparent shift of academic research goals to areas of greater interest to industry and developments in biotechnology research requiring skills not available in industrial laboratories. (JN)
Descriptors: Chemical Industry, College Science, Development, Expenditures, Federal Aid, Financial Support, Higher Education, Industry, Research, School Business Relationship, Science Education, Scientific Research, Technology
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 20402 (Stock Number 038-000-0028-6, $3.50 per copy).
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.