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ERIC Number: ED231483
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
How Is Quality Measured at the Community College?
Palmer, James C.
Reviewing the community college literature in the ERIC database, this paper examines determinants and studies of institutional and programmatic quality. Following a discussion of the contemporary debate over educational quality and its importance for the community college, determinants of quality are discussed in five categories: (1) measures related to institutional resources, including number of course offerings, faculty characteristics and effectiveness, student characteristics, and financial support; (2) factors related to instructional and management processes, such as faculty evaluation systems, budgeting, educational delivery, and program evaluation; (3) student outcome measures, including follow-up of graduates' success in finding employment or transferring to a four-year institution; (4) value-added approaches to quality, which attempt to document student learning gains; and (5) measures related to curriculum structure and emphasis, including the degree to which general education and the liberal arts are integrated into vocational programs, and the question of academic standards. Next, a number of studies are reviewed exemplifying the use of outcome measures, value-added measures, and a decision-making approach. After noting the relative lack of quantitative research on the quality of community college education, the paper concludes that there is no consensus on the meaning of quality at community colleges and that quality judgements are often made on the basis of subjective rather than empirical observations. (LL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Reports - Descriptive; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A