ERIC Number: ED231376
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Evolution of Library Outreach 1960-75 and Its Effect on Reader Services: Some Considerations. Occasional Paper Number 16.
The literature of American public library outreach services over a 15-year period is reviewed in the context of the War on Poverty milieu and the four functions of reader services: information, instruction, guidance, and stimulation to use. Three formats were typically present in this literature: broad statements of need, justifications of services to meet needs, and program reports. Evaluative research and research into the information needs and information-seeking patterns of the poor were sporadically reported during this period together with program reports. Emphasis on research increased in the seventies. From 1960 to 1963 the literature concentrated on barriers to physical access to library service. Three approaches to service emerged which forecast the War on Poverty outreach styles: intensified traditional library services, community based service, and political solutions. During the 1964-68 War on Poverty period, four service models dominated the literature: (1) relevant traditional, (2) community life participation, (3) storefront communications centers, and (4) cooperation with other agencies. From 1968 through 1975 the emphasis in the literature switched to more specific client group definition, an interest in research on information needs and emphasis on program evaluation, and a growing focus on literacy and on information and referral. The author's vita concludes the pamphlet. (Author/ESR)
Descriptors: Community Information Services, Economically Disadvantaged, Information Needs, Information Seeking, Library Extension, Library Research, Library Services, Literature Reviews, Outreach Programs, Public Libraries, Research Reports
Publications Office, Graduate School of Library & Information Science, University of Illinois, 249 Armory Bldg., 505 E. Armory St., Champaign, IL 61820 ($3.00, per copy prepaid. Subscriptions are available at $10.00 per year).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Champaign. Graduate School of Library Science.