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ERIC Number: ED230913
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Dec
Pages: 52
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Comparison of Literacy Campaigns in Socialistic and Democratic Countries.
Sauder, Ruth
The literature on mass literacy campaigns conducted in various countries over the past several decades was surveyed to determine if efforts in socialist countries were more successful than those in democratic countries. Five socialist and five democratic countries were matched on the basis of population, geographic proximity, or size. The pairs are Russia-Brazil, China-India, Nicaragua-Guatemala, Tanzania-Ecuador, and Cuba-Venezuela. A four-level standard of success was devised for the study: Level I--the completion of basic literacy skills; Level II--the completion of postliteracy courses; Level III--the achievement of at least four of the literacy goals cited by the countries in their overall objectives, including better production, more social justice, and greater participation in political and community affairs; and Level IV--the reduction of illiteracy rates on a national level. Results showed that (1) Russia's, Tanzania's and Brazil's campaigns were successful on all four levels; (2) Nicaragua's, China's and Cuba's campaigns were successful on Levels I, III, and IV; (3) India's campaign was successful on Levels I, II, and III; (4) Guatemala's campaign was successful on Levels I and II: and (5) Ecuador's was successful on Level I only. Venezuela's campaign was eliminated because of incomplete data. The results indicate that literacy campaigns were more successful in socialist than in democratic countries. (Extensive tables of data are appended.) (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A