ERIC Number: ED230877
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Gender and Sex Role Orientation on Preferences for Professors and Counselors Utilizing Sexist and Nonsexist Language.
Schwarz, Karen A.; Banikiotes, Paul G.
Masculine pronouns are commonly used as gender-neutral terms to refer to persons of unspecified sex. To explore how preferences for professors and counselors was affected by the sexist or nonsexist nature of the language that they use, androgynous and sex role stereotyped male and female undergraduate students (N=68) read excerpts from four counseling sessions and four journal articles, half of which were presented in sexist and the other half in nonsexist language. The students ranked in order their preferences for the professors and counselors who were represented by these excerpts. Statistical analyses showed the type of language utilized by the professors had no impact on preferences of the subjects. The language of counselors, however, had an impact on preferences. Overall preference was shown for counselors using sexist language. This preference, however, was based on the choices of male and sex-role stereotyped students. Androgynous and female students did not differentiate among counselors on the basis of sexist or non-sexist language. (Author/WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).