ERIC Number: ED230843
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct-14
Families and the Workplace: Role-Management Strategies Used by Husbands and Wives in Two Family Types.
Bird, Gerald A.
As role sharing becomes increasingly common in families where both husband and wife have careers, role overload becomes a major problem. To identify role management strategies that dual-career and dual-earner families (families in which both husband and wife are employed, the wife in a non-professional occupation) use to increase role reward, self-administered questionnaires were sent to college administrators and their spouses (N=214). Strategies studied included the legitimate excuse (citing a higher claim on one's time), stalling, compartmentalization, empathy, barriers against intrusion, reducing responsibilities, delegation, and organization. Results showed that dual-career husbands used more role management strategies than career-earner husbands or either group of wives. Husbands in dual-career and career-earner families tended not to use the legitimate excuse and placed high value on family roles. Employed wives in career-earner families used empathy to increase reward in family roles. The results also showed that husbands did empathize with their wives and did offer support. Delegation of duties and postponing responsibilities were strategies used by wives in dual-career families. There were indications that most role management strategies did increase role reward. Only compartmentalization and barriers against intrusion did not. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (Washington, DC, October 13-16, 1982).