ERIC Number: ED230571
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
A Factorial Study of Reasoning Tests. Technical Report 1982-6.
The Inductive Reasoning and Analytical Reasoning tests of the Johnson O'Connor Research Foundation have been analyzed in a factorial study including marker tests for two commonly recognized reasoning factors, induction (three tests) and logical reasoning (two tests). The primary purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which the Johnson O'Connor tests measure these factors. Multiple groups factor analysis showed the two factors to be highly correlated (r=.73) and practically indistinguishable; a single "general" reasoning factor defined by all five marker tests does a good job of explaining their intercorrelations. The Analytical Reasoning test loads highly on this general factor, but Inductive Reasoning (individually administered) is highly independent of the general factor. It appears that the Inductive Reasoning test measures a distinct reasoning aptitude characterized by quickness in seeing common elements. The group-administered Inductive Reasoning test has low reliability and does not correlate highly with the individual version. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johnson O'Connor Research Foundation, Chicago, IL. Human Engineering Lab.