ERIC Number: ED230536
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Approaches to Research on Teaching: Implications for Curricular Theory and Practice.
Martin, June M.
This research review and theoretical proposal is based on the assumption that curriculum is concerned with methods and content and that the two are interrelated and interdependent in practice; thus, research on teaching is related to curriculum in use and can inform curricular theory. An overview is presented of different types of research on teaching: (1) process-product; (2) Carroll model (investigation of the nature of student tasks and measurement of task accomplishment in terms of time); (3) aptitude-treatment interaction; (4) ethnographic; and (5) teacher thinking. A model is presented for relating these types of research to three different theoretical perspectives: (1) reproductive approach--the teacher viewed as one who transmits or reproduces predetermined curricular goals; (2) constructive approach--teachers and students characterized as processors, creators, and constructors of curriculum content; and (3) reconstructive approach--teachers viewed as critical perceivers who act to reconstruct oppressive societal structures and engage students as co-investigators in identifying, critically reflecting upon, and taking action on curriculum change. (Author/JD)
Descriptors: Change Agents, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Research, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Research Methodology, Research Utilization, Student Participation, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Influence, Teaching Styles
Institute for Research on Teaching, College of Education, Michigan State University, 252 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 ($3.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Inst. for Research on Teaching.