ERIC Number: ED230422
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Engineering Careers: Women in a Male-Dominated Field.
Jagacinski, Carolyn M.; And Others
Responses from a national survey of engineers were used to compare background and career characteristics of male/female engineers (N=1961) differing in number of years since completing the bachelor of science degree (5 or less, 6-10, 11-15, 16-20 years). Findings indicate that parents of women engineers were more likely to hold college degrees and to be employed in professional positions than were the parents of male engineers. Among those who had received their degree more than 5 years ago, more women than men had obtained advanced degrees. Younger engineers/men made their decision to pursue engineering sooner than did older engineers/women. Work-related factors were rated as most important in influencing decisions to pursue engineering degrees. While men and women reported comparable levels of technical responsibility in current jobs, women reported lower levels of supervisory responsibility and lower salaries than did men, the descrepancy most apparent among engineers receiving the bachelor of science degree more than 10 years ago. Women also rated their jobs lower than did men on career advancement opportunities and were less satisfied with progress made in their careers. However, the vast majority reported satisfaction with current jobs, with older engineers reporting greater satisfaction than younger engineers. (Author/JN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 11-14, 1983).