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ERIC Number: ED230291
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Counselling Approach to Punishment of Children: A Review.
Odebunmi, Akin
This paper reviews selected literature focusing on the general psychological theme of discipline, relates findings to educational contexts, and makes recommendations about how problems of discipline and punishment of children can be resolved in schools. Three approaches to discipline are identified: punishment, control by enforcing obedience, and training that corrects and strengthens. Of the three, the author argues that while punishment is the most widely acclaimed solution to discipline problems, research by several psychologists (including Thorndike, Skinner, Estes, and Church) points out limitations of punishment as a technique for stopping behavior and that other researchers have found paradoxical effects of punishment. The effectiveness of punishment as a behavioral control is conceived as being determined by: (1) appropriate timing, (2) the existence of an alternate response, (3) the relationship of the punishing agent to the offender, and (4) the extent to which punishment is used. Research findings related to these determinants are additionally reviewed, and guidelines are offered for parents, teachers, and school counselors. (RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A