ERIC Number: ED230171
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Evaluation of Microcomputer Software: How Valid Are the Criteria and Procedures?
Caldwell, Robert M.
Three issues are critical to the establishment of valid criteria and procedures for determining effective use of computer-based instruction. One issue related to educational software evaluation is that few of the evaluation criteria have been research validated, but, instead, are often based only on speculation and intuition. Criteria are frequently highly inferential, making them highly subjective, which serves to lower reliability among separate ratings. A second problem is the qualifications of individual raters. In a study by Blum (1982), wide variance was found in ratings of software by three or more reviewers, which was attributed to scoring error due to inadequate training or background of the reviewers themselves and subjective judgments of the evaluators on inferential items. A third problem stems from a general lack of knowledge about computer utilization in instruction. Many school districts are acquiring microcomputers without first designing classroom instructional models, and much of the software is used, and therefore reviewed, within possibly inappropriate contexts. Also, most software is purchased without regard to how its objectives fit into existing curricula and overall school goals. (Author/LMM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (6th, Houston, TX, January 1983).