ERIC Number: ED230106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Objective Tests. Teaching in Higher Education Series: 9. Suggestions for the Consideration of Lecturers and Others Concerned with Teaching in Higher Education.
The use of objective tests in higher education, both as an additional dimension to examinations and as part of the teaching and learning process, is considered. Specific concerns are the characteristics, functions, and limitations and the appropriate systems of organization and management of tests. The following types of objective items are discussed: multiple choice, classification sets, multiple completion, relationship analysis, and true/false. Attention is also directed to the concepts of test reliability (the consistency with which a test measures) and curriculum validity (the degree to which an examination or test matches the curriculum for which it was designed). Next, the practical aspects of objective testing--writing, reviewing, and analysis of objective items--are discussed in detail. Finally, the principles and purposes of objective testing are expanded, and practical guidance is offered for the use of tests in formal examining and as an adjunct to teaching and learning. Consideration is given to specifying quantitatively what the test is intended to measure, the choice and number of items, the arrangement of items, ways that responses can be recorded, and norm- and criterion-referenced tests. Examples of objective test items are appended. (SW)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lancaster Univ. (England). School of Education.
Note: For related documents, see HE 016 159-166. Produced with the aid of a grant from the University Grants Committee.