ERIC Number: ED230099
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Why Lecture? Teaching in Higher Education Series: 2. Suggestions for the Consideration of Lecturers and Others Concerned with Teaching in Higher Education.
Cockburn, Barbara; Ross, Alec
The purposes of the lecture method in higher education are considered. The advocates of lecturing claim that this approach can be used to present knowledge to students, to foster intellectual skills, and to change students' attitudes and values. Research evidence suggests that: the lecture can be effective for expounding facts and principles, lectures are less effective in stimulating thought than methods such as small group discussions, and lectures may or may not be effective in shaping attitudes. It is advisable for the lecturer to reduce the amount of material in the lecture by covering it in supplementary learning activities (e.g., texts, learning packages). Editing the lecture material and the use of handouts, lecture-notes, and reading lists are also helpful. Using other teaching methods for variety, such as demonstrations and group exercises, provides variety and effective means for presenting a subject. Lectures can also be used in special ways: (1) to show concepts, logical sequences, and causal relationships (network analysis); (2) to illustrate the application of a discipline's principles; and (3) to review and expand the learning experience. (SW)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lancaster Univ. (England). School of Education.
Note: For related documents, see HE 016 159-167. Produced with the aid of a grant from the University Grants Committee.