ERIC Number: ED229718
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug-24
Measuring Adult Women's Job Relevant Life Experience Learning.
Ekstrom, Ruth B.
An increase in the number of adult women in the paid work force, many of whom are returning to work after a period as homemaker and parent, appears to be one of the major social changes of the past decade. As part of the Project HAVE Skills program, which was designed to develop career counseling materials for reentry women, questionnaires designed around 524 skills (e.g., communications, consumer economics, and emergency and crisis intervention) were developed to aid in identifying job-relevant skills which reentry women might have acquired during their absence from the paid labor force. Adult women homemakers (N=122) responded to the first questionnaire by indicating the extent of their experience with each skill. Personnel specialists (N=56) responded to the second questionnaire by indicating the degree of job-relevance for each skill. Data analyses revealed a low correlation between the extent of women's experience and the personnel specialists' perception of job relevance. The data suggest several possible explanations for this low correlation: (1) the unpaid work on which women spend the most time has little relevance for paid work; (2) stereotypes may have affected the personnel specialists' ratings; and (3) beliefs about the appropriateness of various kinds of work for women may have affected the ratings. The information obtained from the two questionnaires was used to develop a survey instrument for personnel administrators or counselors screening women interested in returning to paid work after a period of time away from the labor force. Tables of the 12 areas of women's unpaid work experiences with moderate or high job-relevance, and a summary of the factor structure of job relevance ratings in 6 unpaid work areas are appended. Also included are the Have Skills Chart, the research edition of the Have Skills Assessment Survey, and the Have Skills Assessment Survey Key. (AG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Women's Educational Equity Act Program (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982). For related documents, see ED 216 265-267.