ERIC Number: ED229708
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Parental Power and Behaviors as Antecedents of Adolescent Conformity.
Henry, Carolyn S.; And Others
Several authorities have observed that a moderate degree of conformity by the young may be necessary for a society to function effectively. In order to examine the relationship between adolescents' perceptions of parental power and behavior and adolescent conformity, adolescents (N=368) in 184 families completed questionnaires concerning aspects of parental behavior (companionship, affection, love withdrawal, induction, coercion) and parental power (expert power, legitimate power, reward power, coercive power). Data analyses indicated gender differences in adolescent conformity related to parental power. Sons responded with greater conformity to parents seen as having coercive power. Daughters tended to respond to parents perceived as having legitimate and expert power. The results also showed gender differences in adolescent conformity in relation to parental behavior. Physical affection was positively related to conformity, mainly in father-daughter and mother-son relationships. Induction (parental behavior intended to elicit voluntary compliance through reasoning) seemed to be most effective in father-son and mother-daughter relationships. (AG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Tennessee Univ., Knoxville.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (Washington, DC, October 13-16, 1982). Prepared in the Department of Child and Family Studies, University of Tennessee, Knoxville.