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ERIC Number: ED229549
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Dec-10
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Investigation of Field-Dependent and Field-Independent Cognitive Style in Mentally Retarded Individuals in Sheltered Workshops in West Virginia.
Dickens, Ben Harold
Mentally retarded persons in sheltered workshops in West Virginia were studied in order to determine their learning styles and how these learning styles related to the populations studied by Witkin and others. (Witkin classified learning styles as either field independent--i.e. task oriented--or field-dependent--i.e., oriented to the social factors surrounding learning, such as relationship with the teacher and classroom emotional atmosphere.) Data were gathered by administering the Portable Rod-and-Frame Test (PRFT) and the Columbia Mental Maturity Scale and analyzed by the application of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences programs, the Goodness of Fit Test, the Pearson Product Movement Correlation, and the t-test. These analyses supported the following conclusions: (1) there is a significant difference between the mentally retarded population used in this study and the population used by Witkin, in that the retarded persons were more field-dependent; (2) the PRFT is an appropriate instrument to use in identifying the degree of field-dependence and field-independence as preferred learning styles among mentally retarded persons in sheltered workshops; and (3) there are no significant relationships between PRFT scores and mental age and between male and female students in the retarded population. Based on these conclusions, it was recommended that mentally retarded students should be assessed for field-dependent or field-independent cognitive styles and these preferences should be taken into account in designing curricula for them. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: West Virginia