ERIC Number: ED229297
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
American, Jordanian, and Other Middle Eastern National Perceptions.
Szalay, Lorand B.; Strohl, Jean Bryson
International perceptions of Jordanian university students are compared with those of American, Egyptian, and Israeli students. The sample consisted of 50 students from each country; results concentrate on Jordanian perceptions. Assessments were based on the Associative Group Analysis (AGA) which reconstructs perceptions and attitudes characteristic of national/cultural groups from their free word associations. Jordanians tended to be conflict-ridden and laden with perceived threats and fears of aggressive, expansionist intentions. When compared to a 1977 assessment, an increase in their longing for peace, less concern with military threat, more concern with violence and security, and a deterioration in their image of the United States was evident. Egyptian and Israeli perceptions were similar to the Jordanian emphasis on group and family unity, while Americans valued individualism and autonomy. The document also discusses the role of psychological disposition in international relations and in shaping political events, needs and problems identified by public policy offices, and strategies for social science research on foreign populations. Appendices contain the U.S. and Jordanian response lists and a discussion of the AGA methodology. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Defense Nuclear Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Institute of Comparative Social and Cultural Studies, Inc., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Egypt; Israel; Jordan; United States