ERIC Number: ED229289
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Development of the Methodology of Judicial Behavior Research: A Historical Review and Critique of the Use and Teaching of Methods.
Tate, C. Neal
Methodologies and trends of judicial behavior research (the study of how and why court judges make decisions) are traced from the 1920s to the present. Arranged into five sections, the first two sections of the report identify principal points of social science research in general. A summary of methodology in judicial behavior research reveals that the majority of researchers use judges' decisions as their primary data source; however, this source is being increasingly supplemented by comparative analyses of judges from American and non-American systems. The third section reviews research during the "pioneer days" from the 1920s to the publication of Schubert's "The Judicial Mind" in 1965. The introduction of factor analysis, multiple regression, bloc, and scalogram analyses are noted as the most significant statistical developments of the period. The fourth section traces methodology from "The Judical Mind" to the present. The psychometric model, comparative analyses, enhancement of methodological foundations, expansion of survey research, content analysis, and longitudinal studies are characteristic of this period. The last section assesses the state of the art and suggests that comparative studies and experimental designs will increase and more effective use of known statistical methods will occur. (KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (Denver, CO, September 1-5, 1982). Work on this paper has been partially supported by a grant from the Faculty Research Committee of the North Texas State University.