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ERIC Number: ED229251
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The New Engineer: Black and White, Male and Female.
LeBold, William K.; And Others
This report examines and compares early career decisions, initial and 1981 employment, professional activities, and post-graduate education of new, non-traditional engineering graduates (women, Hispanics, Blacks) with their traditional peers. About one-half of the 6,000 surveys mailed to a sample of these engineering graduates (N=1720 men and 1080 women) were returned. Relatively few differences between male/female and minority/majority graduates were found in their initial/current employment, professional activities/achievement, and factors influencing career decisions. Technical responsibilities increased with experiences with no significant sex/ethnic differences. Men reported significantly higher supervisory responsibilities and salaries 10 years after graduating than women. The majority of all groups had pursued or were pursuing some post-bachelor's education, with women/Black-Americans leaning more toward graduate work in management than men/majority graduates. Work-related factors tended to be the most important factors influencing engineers' career decisions; female/minority graduates were more apt to cite a wider variety of factors than male/minority graduates. Men were more apt than women to cite relevant work experiences and hobbies as factors influencing their career decision. Engineers had relatively high self-perceptions. Men were more likely to assess their athletic, mechanical, and visualization abilities higher than women, but women rated their artistic, mathematical, and interpersonal-relations abilities higher than men. (Author/JN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A