ERIC Number: ED228650
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Postponing the Encyclopedia: Children as Researchers.
Pinsel, Marc I.; Pinsel, Jerry K.
Research is the planned collection, selection, and processing of information that typically takes three forms--historical, descriptive, or experimental. Historical research seeks to uncover facts with respect to events that have already happened, descriptive research seeks to uncover facts with respect to the current scene of events, and experimental research seeks to develop more theoretical knowledge in a given field. Young students can become excellent historical researchers by making use of primary source materials provided by the oral interview. Students can be asked to tape record their grandparents' remarks about their early school experiences or to compile a cookbook of "secret" family recipes that have been handed down through the generations. The point is to get them started talking and interviewing persons as sources of information. If relatives are not available, children can consult with older neighbors in their community. Children can also be introduced to descriptive research by focusing upon a real-life problem that is both manageable and important to them. Problems might include rowdy school cafeterias, crowded hallways, or unsafe traffic intersections. Once a problem has been isolated, the children can brainstorm with the teacher for a list of solutions to the problem. Then they must refine, combine, or categorize their solutions into a manageable number of options. Small groups can then investigate the possible solutions through data collection or surveys. In these ways the language arts teacher can broaden the children's research skills beyond the paraphrasing of the encyclopedia. (HOD)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A