ERIC Number: ED228584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
An Evaluation of the Impact of Employment Specialists in Drug Abuse Treatment. Treatment Research Report.
Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.
It is generally acknowledged that employment is essential to the successful rehabilitation of drug abusers, and several models have been effective in helping drug abuse clients find jobs. To compare two methods of providing employment services to drug abuse treatment clients, the Employment Specialist Study sampled 40 clients at each of 39 clinics in Chicago, Detroit, and New Jersey. Clinics which provided a full-time employment specialist were compared to those providing services through a consultant specialist shared by three clinics, and control clinics with no employment services. Baseline, process and outcome data were collected using 12 different questionnaires and standardized report forms. Most of the study clients were male (79%), black (70%) and between 25 and 40 years old (75%). Data analyses showed clients from clinics with full-time employment counselors were more likely to be retained in the treatment program at least four months, and significantly more likely to be drug free or have diminished drug use at discharge. However, increase in employment was only slightly greater for clinics with full-time specialists than for clinics with no employment specialists. Clinics with consultant specialists were more likely to retain clients than the control groups, but significantly less likely to retain clients than clinics with full-time specialists. Because of the importance of employment to clients, further research is needed to determine how employment specialists might best be used with existing counseling staff. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Div. of Prevention and Treatment Development.
Authoring Institution: Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.