ERIC Number: ED228415
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Male-Female Differences in Cognitive Abilities in Various Age Groups. Technical Report 1982-3.
Trafton, Richard S.; Garrison, William T.
The research question addressed was whether sex differences in cognitive ability are smaller in younger age groups than in older age groups. A battery of 12 aptitude tests measuring visualization, spatial orientation, perceptual speed, associative memory, number memory, eidetic memory, spatial scanning, visual memory, and flexibility of closure were administered to a sample of 1,011 females and 1,226 males ranging in age from 14 to 63 years of age. Mean male and female performances on each test were compared for 22 age groups. Examination of mean differences for age did not support a suggested trend toward smaller differences between males and females on measures of cognitive ability. The results were consistent with previous research on sex differences. Males outperformed females on spatial tests; females outperformed males on the perceptual speed measure and the test of associative memory. (Three data tables are included.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johnson O'Connor Research Foundation, Boston, MA.