ERIC Number: ED228246
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Schooling in America: Some Descriptive and Explanatory Statements.
Good, Thomas L.; Hinkel, Gail M.
This paper briefly characterizes schooling in America in broad terms, describes what is known about the relationship between teacher behavior and student behavior, and explains why certain classroom characteristics are related to student achievement. The paper begins with a description, of classroom practices in American schools, based in part upon selected papers that have been presented to the National Commission on Excellence in Education. Findings cited in this paper indicate that teachers vary widely in: (1) use of classroom time; (2) management of classroom activities; (3) selection and design of classroom learning tasks; (4) teaching and communicating with students; and (5) expectations and academic standards held for themselves, peers, classes, and individual students. It is noted that research also demonstrates that these aspects of classroom life are related to student achievement. This paper describes these research findings, particularly in the areas of: (1) time and learning; (2) classroom management; (3) active teaching; (4) curriculum content and academic work structures; (5) teacher expectations; (6) student influence; and (7) motivation and personal investment. Research findings are used to suggest how particular patterns of classroom behavior hinder or facilitate student achievement. References are included. (CJ)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Classroom Environment, Classroom Research, Classroom Techniques, Elementary School Curriculum, Elementary Secondary Education, Expectation, Secondary School Curriculum, Student Behavior, Student Motivation, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Influence, Teaching Methods, Time Factors (Learning)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Commission on Excellence in Education (ED), Washington, DC.