ERIC Number: ED228036
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Calculators and Strategies for Problem Solving in Grade Seven: An Implementation Program and Study. Report No. 83:3.
Szetela, W.; Super, D.
A problem-solving program supplemented by calculators in one treatment group was conducted in 63 grade 7 classes with about 1350 students. Teachers were provided with problems correlated with textbooks, and instruction for teaching problem-solving strategies. School districts provided calculators and problem-solving materials. Pretest scores indicated equality of treatment groups. On mid-year tests, the problem-solving group (P) performed significantly higher than the control group (C) on both traditional and "strategy" problems. On year-end tests, the problem-solving group using calculators (CP) performed better than the C group. The CP group scored higher on attitude toward problem solving than the other groups in the district with greatest participation. On every problem-solving test, at least one of the problem-solving groups, CP or P, scored higher than the C group. On a test of more difficult problems, the trend favored the P group, but not significantly. Sex differences were negligible. There were no differences on a paper-and-pencil computation test, indicating that students using calculators all year retained computational skills. The study shows the feasibility of teaching problem-solving strategies and using calculators in grade 7. Similar studies and implementation are suggested for earlier grades. (Author)
Descriptors: Calculators, Computation, Educational Research, Grade 7, Junior High Schools, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Secondary School Mathematics, Student Attitudes
Educational Research Institute of British Columbia, Suite 400-515, West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, BC V5Z 4A8.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Research Inst. of British Columbia, Vancouver.