ERIC Number: ED228034
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Feb-23
Reference Count: N/A
Projected Employment Scenarios Show Possible Shortages in Some Engineering and Computer Specialties. Science Resources Studies Highlights.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.
This report presents findings of a National Science Foundation (NSF) assessment of the adequacy of the supply of science, engineering, and technician (SET) personnel for meeting defense and non-defense requirements between 1982 and 1987. Selected findings included in the report follow. Based on four scenarios representing combinations of low and high macroeconomic activity, employment growth in the major employment categories (science, engineering, technician) is projected to range from 2.5 percent to 4.0 percent per year. Shortages are projected for aeronautical/astronautical engineers and computer specialists. At high projected levels of defense expenditures, the shortage of electrical/electronic engineers will be almost 10 percent of supply or roughly 30,000 personnel. Employment of electrical/electronic engineering technicians is projected to increase from 3.0 percent to 4.0 percent annually over the next 4 years, and employment for mechanical engineering technicians is projected to increase by 2.4 percent to 5.0 percent. Projections of SET employment were more sensitive to variations in defense spending that to variations in macroeconomic activity because the former's impact is concentrated on high-technology, manufacturing industries. Among SET occupations, defense expenditures have their strongest impact on the engineering work force. (JN)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.