ERIC Number: ED227436
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Gender Schema Processing Effects on Performance, Memory and Evaluative Tasks.
Mills, Carol J.
Schemata is one example of a cognitive construct used extensively by social and personality psychologists to explain some of the biases that emerge when people process information about themselves and others. Recently gender has also been seen as a cognitive schema. Sex and gender schema processing were examined in 40 male and 40 female college students. After being classified as sex-typed or balanced individuals, students were asked to complete a timed digit symbol task, and to rate the stimulus person from a narrative description of an androgynous college student as a friend, and for psychological health and attractiveness. Lastly, students completed an adjective checklist describing the stimulus person. Students were tested by either a male or female experimenter according to either male or female stimuli conditions. Results showed no biasing effect for memory of the stimulus person, but significant evaluative effects between sex-typed and balanced individuals in terms of all three ratings. Performance deficits were found with sex-typed persons performing less well than balanced individuals when the constructor of the test was presented as a female. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).