ERIC Number: ED227432
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Attributional Style Change on Self-Esteem and Depression.
Layden, Mary Anne
Low self-esteem and depressed individuals tend to have an attributional style of externalizing success and internalizing failure. To evaluate a program developed to help reverse this pattern of responses to be more similar to high self-esteem and nondepressed individuals, subjects were first tested for self-esteem, depression, and attributional style. They were then given programmed feedback about their attributional style. They were asked to keep a record for 5 weeks of positive and negative experiences and to record attributions that partially or completely resembled those used by high self-esteem and nondepressed persons. A posttest session measured changes in self-esteem, depression, and attributional style. Subjects also performed a task which measured persistence following a failure experience. Results indicated that all experimental groups changed in self-esteem and attributional style and that one experimental group changed in depression. Subjects who changed their attributions for failure showed no significant deterioration in performance following a failure experience. That the findings for depression were not as strong as for self-esteem may indicate that depresion is a more intractable problem which needs longer and more intense intervention to show change. (Author/MCF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982). Best copy available.