ERIC Number: ED227411
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Videotaped Interactions between Fathers and Adolescent Boys or Girls as a Source for Achieving Behavior.
Mausner, Bernard; And Others
Given the evidence that many women do pursue achievement successfully, the position that biology requires women to avoid success is unconvincing. Possible sources for the factors that generate avoidance of success include the influence of society, peers, and the family. In a search for sources of achieving behavior, 50 pairs of fathers and children, 26 with daughters and 24 with sons, were videotaped as they were engaged in working on three tasks: Raven Progressive Matrices, Blindfold-Building a Tower of Blocks, and Anagrams. Videotape records were subjected to content analysis. Factor analyzed variables successfully differentiated fathers' behavior towards boys and girls, with 6 of 12 variables in a discriminant function analysis being significant. Fathers demonstrated a close working relationship with boys, but not with girls, as indicated by latencies, kinds of criticism, and emphasis on reasoning. Academic achievement was significantly related to several aspects of fathers' behavior. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).