ERIC Number: ED227403
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr-15
Gender, Race, Social Class and Self-Evaluations among College Students.
Turner, Castellano B.; Turner, Barbara F.
While many studies have compared race, sex, or social class differences in self-evaluation, the three have not been investigated simultaneously. To test the interaction of race, gender, and social class differences in self-evaluation and integrate it with the literature on sex role socialization, 57 black (29 females and 28 males) and 120 white (93 females and 27 males) college students were interviewed individually and completed a 15-item semantic differential scale for the concept "I Am." Factor analysis yielded five independent self-evaluation factors which were interpreted as dominated by either "instrumental" or "expressive" characteristics. Effects of gender, race, and social class were tested for all factors. Results showed that blacks had more positive self-evaluations on both "instrumental" and "expressive" factors. White females (but not black females) showed more negative, more stereotypic self-evaluations than did males. Black women viewed themselves as instrumentally competent, with a calm, inexpressive stance. These suggestive findings require replication with a more broadly representative sample. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (53rd, Baltimore, MD, April 15-18, 1982).