ERIC Number: ED227034
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Dec
Reference Count: 0
A Preliminary Model of Women's Status in Contemporary Societies.
Mascia-Lees, Frances E.
A cross-national analysis reveals that women's status in contemporary society must be considered as a multidimensional phenomenon and that no one isolated factor best explains women's overall position. Using data from "The Handbook of International Data on Women" (Boulding and others, 1976), and from United Nations documents, a model to reflect women's position in the political, economic, educational, and family spheres was constructed. Independent variables included each nation's population size, annual rate of population increase, per capita gross national product (GNP), annual growth of GNP per capita, level of modernity and economic development, and degree of governmental coerciveness. Results indicate that women's status is best viewed as two-dimensional. One dimension is composed of women's political, educational, and family status, which are highly and positively intercorrelated. The second dimension is women's position in the economic sphere, which is independent of status in any of the other spheres. Rapid population growth is related to low status for women in the political sphere. High levels of economic status for women are related to high levels of economic development. Women's educational position may be predicted by a nation's level of development and modernity. Generally, a high annual rate of population increase is negatively related to women's social status. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association (Washington, DC, December, 1982).