ERIC Number: ED227024
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Sex-Stereotyping in High School Students' Perceptions of Self and Peers on Personality Trait and Occupational Scales. Working Paper #4.
Kowallis, Trudy; And Others
Rural high school students tend to stereotype according to sex when rating their peers on personality trait and occupational measures. The research differed from previous studies in which participants have been required to rate the typical or ideal male and female or to rate an occupation according to how masculine or feminine it seemed to them. In this study, 102 rural high school sophomores (53 males and 49 females) rated themselves, 4 female friends, and 4 male friends on personality and occupational scales consisting of 16 bipolar items each (e.g., aggressive-passive; doctor-nurse). Both males and females rated themselves and their peers differently according to sex. On the personality trait scale, males' ratings of others were biased toward the masculine stereotype while females' ratings were biased toward the feminine stereotype. Males and females rated themselves and members of the same sex more stereotypically on the personality measure than they rated members of the opposite sex. On the occupational measure there were significant differences between the ratings of males and females when rated by themselves, members of the same sex, and members of the opposite sex. These findings differ from findings in other studies. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Arizona Univ., Tucson. Southwest Inst. for Research on Women.