ERIC Number: ED226961
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Project TOPS. Final Evaluation Report. Math Research and Evaluation Studies.
Herbert, Martin C.; Marshall, Gail
TOPS, a set of materials designed to improve problem solving instruction, was evaluated in two large urban school districts from Fall 1980 to Spring 1982. At Site A, the program was implemented at the middle school level (grades 5-8), where most mathematics teachers were specialists; they accepted the problem-solving activities after some initial hesitation. At Site B, the program was implemented in grades 3-8, though most often in grades 4 and 5, usually by teachers who were not mathematics specialists. They varied in their belief that the activities would improve problem-solving ability, and, even though in year 2 they were allowed to develop lessons involving problem-solving strategies tied more closely to textbooks and tests, problem solving was never completely accepted by all teachers. At Site A, 80 teachers were trained, eventually affecting over 300 classes, and the school board pledged continued support. At Site B, progress was slower. Two major effects were noted at both sites: (1) teachers viewed TOPS favorably and commented on its positive impact on students' mathematics and thinking skills; and (2) TOPS students had better test scores than non-TOPS students; differences were significant at Site A but not Site B. (MNS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Basic Skills Improvement Program.
Authoring Institution: CEMREL, Inc., St. Louis, MO.