ERIC Number: ED226855
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Behavior Analysis of Beginning Manuscript Handwriting.
Sims, Edward V., Jr.; Weisberg, Paul
Variables affecting the legibility of manuscript letters produced by children from preschool through the first two grades are discussed in this literature review. Much of the research cited has as its major goal the identification of treatment conditions and programming regimes that reduce the confusion and training time commonly associated with handwriting instruction. Specific topics focus on research issues, including (1) measurement of manuscript handwriting and research aimed at products versus processes; (2) aspects of grip and posture such as grip topography, pencil diameter, and line rulings; (3) antecedent events such as selection and presentation of letters, types of practice, modeling, and good/bad form discrimination; (4) prompts and rules, including manual guidance, page prompts, verbal rules, and instruction in correct letter sequences; and (5) consequent events (i.e., reinforcement and feedback, formal and informal self-measurement). Special issues discussed involve handwriting readiness, tracing and copying, and reversals, as well as individual differences and individual writing styles as they relate to instruction. (RH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alabama State Dept. of Pensions and Security, Montgomery.
Authoring Institution: Alabama Univ., University. Dept. of Psychology.