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ERIC Number: ED226547
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Parental Strategies for Reducing Learned Helpless Behavior among LD Students.
Tollefson, Nona
A reformulated theory of learned helplessness posits that helplessness may be the outcome of a learning disabled (LD) student's belief of personal or universal helplessness. Motivational, cognitive, and emotional deficits may result. Research on locus of control and persistence as well as on the contrast between mastery (achievement)-oriented behavior and learned helpless behavior indicates that successful, achievement-oriented students take personal responsibility for success rather than ascribing it to external forces. They can account for failure while still maintaining high expectations. Parents can help their learning disabled children decrease their helpless behavior by following a three step program: helping to set realistic achievement goals; helping to develop a plan to achieve the goals; and teaching the child to accept personal responsibility for success or failure by attributing the outcome to effort. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).