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ERIC Number: ED226528
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Conversational Response Skills of Retarded and Nonretarded Children.
Ten Down's Syndrome children (all 3-4 years old) and four nonhandicapped children and their mothers participated in a study of children's ability to respond to questions. Interactions of each of the 14 mother-child dyads were recorded on videotape and mother-child vocalizations transcribed. The number of appropriate, inappropriate, and indeterminate child responses to maternal questions was calculated and compared. Results showed that nonhandicapped Ss produced a mean of 15% appropriate responses, while the same-age Downs Syndrome Ss showed only minimal (3%) ability to respond appropriately. In contrast, Down's Syndrome children matched for expressive language level with the nonhandicapped group showed superior response abilities (mean 31%). Findings suggested that response abilities of Down's Syndrome Ss are both delayed and different. The importance of acquiring linguistic and social rules in developing conversational skills was emphasized. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; Maryland Univ., College Park.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (Washington, DC, August, 23-27, 1982). The grant from the University of Maryland was through the Graduate Research Board.